In order for any non-lethal weapon to be effective accuracy is a must, and chemical aerosols are no different. Training regularly with your inert units will help reinforce the skills and tactics necessary for the effectiveness you need.
Make sure you use the recommended safety goggles and protective equipment when using the inserts as spraying anything towards the eyes can be harmful.
Here are some basic OC drills to do:
Using a partner and a striking shield, stand 6-8 feet away from you, and on your command or theirs advance towards you.
Spray striking shield as they move towards you; then have the subject respond in 1 of 6 ways:
Once sprayed, have them comply to your verbal commands to get down
Once sprayed, have them not comply to your verbal commands to get down — and you have to bring them down in which they comply safely
Once sprayed, have them not comply to your verbal commands to get down — and you have to bring them down in which they use their body to resist and you may have to use knees or kicks to bring them down
Once sprayed, have them not comply to your verbal commands to get down — and you have to bring them down in which they become more combative and actively resist use their body and hands to grab or strike you to resist and you may have to use a combination of tactics to bring them down
Once sprayed, have them not comply to your verbal commands to get down — and you have to bring them down in which they become more combative and actively resist use their body and hands to grab or strike you to resist and you may have to use a combination of tactics to bring them down and then they make the attempt to get back up on their feet
Once sprayed, have them not comply to your verbal commands to get down – and you have to bring them down in which they become more combative and actively assault the officer to resist showing you the OC does not work on them, the projector can be broken or empty or is not effective on them and you may have to decide to de-escalate or escalate your level of force
Things to think about when being contaminated and you are still attempting to control the subject:
Know where your subject is – listen for sounds, noises
Control your breathing – Inhale through your nose and exhale through your mouth
Continue talking so you know you are breathing
DO NOT SWALLOW if possible
Strobe your eyes, keep blinking them
Keep your chin up
Focus on your threat
Stay aware of your surroundings
Be cautious of your firearm is wearing one
Learn a safe and effective grappling position that you feel comfortable with. Train yourself to have the ability to control a subject in close quarter environments. Watch the video below for an idea on what you should be doing.
Remember to work in low visibility areas and train yourself to gain access to your force options with both hands, and remember that if the subject is not punching you their hands are doing something!
Stay alert, stay calm and stay in control.
About the author
Dave Young is the Founder and Director of ARMA, now part of the PoliceOne Training Network. He is also the Chairman of PoliceOne.com Advisory Board, and a training advisor for CorrectionsOne.com. Dave graduated from his first law enforcement academy in 1985, and now has over 25 years of combined civilian and military law enforcement and training experience. He was a sworn corrections and law enforcement officer in the state of Florida and has served as a gate sentry, patrol officer, watch commander, investigator, Special Reaction Team (SRT) member, leader and commander in the United States Marine Corps.
Dave has participated in and trained both military and law enforcement personnel in crowd management operations throughout the world. Dave is recognized as one of the nation's leading defensive tactics instructors specializing in crowd management, chemical and specialty impact munitions, protocol and selection of gear and munitions, ground defense tactics, and water - based defensive tactics.
He has hosted television shows for National Geographic TV Channel on Non Lethal Weapons and the host of Crash Test Human series. He is a former staff noncommissioned officer in the United States Marine Corps, a member of the Police Magazine advisory board, and a technical advisory board member for Force Science Research Center. Dave is an active member of the American Society for Law Enforcement Training (ASLET), International Law Enforcement Educators and Trainers Association (ILEETA).